Everyone enjoys a drink once in a while. Whether you’re going to a party or just hanging out with friends, alcohol makes everything better. However, how bad is it once it turns into a habit? How much alcohol is considered ‘too much’ before it crosses the line into binge drinking?
What is binge drinking?
Binge drinking is defined as the rapid consumption of a high number of alcoholic beverages in a short period of time.
Usually, the alcohol concentration in their blood will rise to 0.08 %BAC when binge drinking. This behavior is defined differently for men and women.
For instance, in women, it takes place when a female drinks four or more drinks in one or two hours. For men, it is defined as having five or more drinks within two hours.
It is not a disorder, unlike alcohol use disorder. However, binge drinking increases the risk of developing alcohol abuse problems. Consequently, it could lead to various health issues.
Binge drinking effects
Binge drinking becomes a problem because it could lead to serious alcoholism issues and, as a result, it can cause various health conditions.
A single night of binge drinking, especially at higher amounts, can lead to acute inflammation of the pancreas, stomach, or liver. Excessive alcohol consumption can also lead to long-term health problems on the heart, kidneys, lungs, and pancreas as well.
In the long term, alcohol increases the risk of several cancers, including cancer of the liver, mouth, and throat. Heavy, long-term alcohol use can lead to alcoholic liver disease, which includes inflammation of the liver and cirrhosis.
The most life-threatening effect of binge drinking is alcohol poisoning, which is when your blood alcohol concentration (BAC) is so high that it is considered to be toxic.
On average, your liver can only process one standard drink per hour, anything more than this will increase your BAC. The faster you drink, the higher your BAC will be, and the greater your chance of alcohol poisoning. Even if your stop drinking, your BAC will continue to rise as the alcohol in the stomach and intestines will continue to enter the bloodstream. This can happen even if someone is unconscious.
Alcohol depresses the nerves that control involuntary actions such as breathing and the gag reflex (to prevent choking). A fatal dose of alcohol will eventually cause these functions to shut down. Since alcohol is an irritant to the stomach, excessive vomiting is also common. If the person is unconscious, this could lead to death by asphyxiation.
Besides health problems, alcohol increases the chance of dangerous sexual behavior or physical assaults. Moreover, excessive alcohol intake also affects your actions, which can increase your risk of injuries and death from motor vehicle accidents, drowning, suffocation, and other accidents.
If you think you have a drinking problem, then you should take action and try to change your relationship with alcohol. Read our 10 tips for safe and healthy drinking to help you get started.
We hope this post has given you some insight into understanding what is binge drinking, binge drinking effects, and how to overcome it.
For in-depth information, check out these online resources that explain alcohol and binge drinking effects in further detail –
Hello Sunday Morning
HSM is a movement towards a better drinking culture. Do their drinking quiz or download their app.
Advice and simple tools for staying in control of your drinking
Better Health Channel – Alcohol
Information about alcohol consumption and how the body processes it.
Salvation Army – Addiction Services
Information and treatment options for all alcohol, gambling or drugs addiction.
Reach Out! – All About binge drinking
An overview of the problem of binge drinking for young people.
A program of the Australian Drug Foundation that provides easy access to info about alcohol and other drugs.
Binge drinking – Reach Out Australia
Healthline, “What Happens to Your Body When You Binge Drink” https://www.healthline.com/health-news/what-happens-to-your-body-when-you-binge-drink