Types of Juicers and Their Differences

Types of Juicers and Their Differences


Buying a juicer can be confusing. Different types of juicers can have different functions, quality, advantages and disadvantages. A cheap juicer may be easy to use and great for beginners, but a cold press juicer will produce better quality juice and save you money in the long term.

We discuss three of the most common types of juicers, their differences, and their advantages and disadvantages to help you choose the best juicer for yourself.

If you've been shopping around for a juicer, you'll find that there are a variety of juicers out there. However, the most common types of juicers sold on the market today are centrifugal juicers, cold press juicers, and twin gear (triturating) juicers.

Centrifugal Juicers

This type of juicer is one of the most commonly available and the cheapest to purchase. Centrifugal juicers pulverise fruits and vegetables using a shredder disc that spins at high speed against a metal strainer. The force generated from this spinning blade separates the juice from the pulp, which drains away separately from the fibrous remnants. This type of juicer is ideal for one or two people.

Advantages:

  • Cheap
  • Easy to use
  • Generates large quantities of juice (about 1 litre) before juicer needs to be stopped for pulp removal
  • Reduces food preparation time as they accept larger fruit and vegetable pieces
Disadvantages:
  • Loud and noisy
  • Yields less juice
  • Destroys enzymes by introducing heat and oxygen
  • Extracts nutrients less efficiently
  • Not suitable for juicing greens
  • Longer clean up time

Cold Press Juicers

This type of juicer is newer to the juicing scene and provides some advantages over other juices. Cold press juicers operate via a mastication (chewing) or cold press method. In contrast to the rough extraction of centrifugal juicers, cold press press juicers compress fruit and vegetables to ‘squeeze’ out their juice. Whilst more costly, their slower and more thorough extraction produce a higher yield of juice without destroying the nutrients and enzymes.

Advantages

  • Quieter operation
  • Lower heat and oxidation protects nutrients and enzymes
  • Suitable for juicing greens and sprouts
  • Yields more juice
  • Juice preserved in better condition for longer
  • Less foam
  • Great versatility - often able to serve other food processing functions, such as making nut butters, pasta and ice cream
  • Easier to clean without any sharp parts

Disadvantages

  • Heavier
  • More expensive
  • Longer food preparation, as smaller food pieces are required for their narrow chutes

Twin Gear (Triturating) Juicers

Twin gear juicers are the most expensive type of juicer, but they offer the most benefits. Twin gear juicers use inter-meshing stainless steel twin gears to squeeze and press fruits and vegetables. They operate at less than 200 RPM, resulting in even less oxidation from foam and less destruction of nutrients from heat. This also decreases the aeration and oxidation of the juicer, meaning you refrigerate and store your juice for a few days. Twin gear juicers will juice all fruits and vegetables including wheatgrass and leafy greens, make pasta shapes, nut butters and frozen fruit desserts. They are preferred by health and raw food enthusiasts because of the high nutrient value and high yield.

Advantages:

  • Most efficient type of juicer - highest yield of juice
  • High pressure squeezing forces out maximum nutrients
  • Juice all fruits and vegetables including wheatgrass, pine needles and leafy greens
  • Often able to make pasta shapes, baby food, rice cakes nut butters, and frozen fruit desserts

Disadvantages:

  • Larger and heavier than other juicers
  • Slower juicing process
  • Longer cleaning time
  • More expensive

If you're just beginning to start juicing and you're unsure about how much of the juicer you will use, start with a cheaper centrifugal juicer. Centrifugal juicers are easy to operate and though it may not provide you with the maximum nutrients and enzymes in juice, it is a good first juicer to get before you upgrade to a better one.

If you're serious about health and want to get the most nutrients out of fruit and vegetables, consider investing in a premium cold press juicer or twin gear juicer. These will cost you at least $200 but the high quality and yield of juice that you get will be worth it.


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